Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine
Ethiopia is facing the double challenge of high mortality due to infectious diseases as well as an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes) including higher numbers of traumatic injuries and complicated obstetric and gynecologic emergencies, expected to rise because of increasing urbanization and industrialization.
The specialty of critical care, fundamental in developed hospital systems, for the care of seriously ill patients, is at an early stage in Ethiopia, although the demand and necessity for it is growing. Recently, the Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health provided substantial funding for the creation of intensive care units (ICUs) in the country. However, although the availability of ICU beds has increased, the lack of trained personnel in critical care medicine represents a crucial limitation to patient care and service development. The leadership and faculty at Addis Ababa University and the affiliated hospital The Tukur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, are committed to collaborate and promote the education of future critical care leaders in Ethiopia
In 2018, The Toronto Addis Ababa Academic Collaboration (TAAAC-CC) started to deliver a curriculum developed for Ethiopia’s first postgraduate fellowship program in Critical Care Medicine. Two fellows are currently enrolled in the program. Careful resource management, multidisciplinary collaboration, and up-to-date knowledge are the main priorities for these fellows, who care for complex medical and surgical patients. Three groups of faculty from University of Toronto travelled to Addis to teach, supervise and mentor into this new program in annually. Activities in the first year included formal and bedside teaching, simulation sessions, and assistance with networking to create an antimicrobial stewardship program. The curriculum objectives are also being delivered longitudinally via teleconferences throughout the year.
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