In 2003 the first TAAAC program, the Toronto Addis Ababa Psychiatry Project (TAAPP), an educational collaboration between the Departments of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto (UofT) and AAU, facilitated the opening of the first Ethiopian psychiatry residency program.

  • As of 2019 80 Ethiopian psychiatrists trained with the assistance of TAAPP – there are now 91 in the country.
  • Mental health services are on the way to being integrated into all levels of health care.
  • Six new Departments of Psychiatry opened outside Addis Ababa.
  • Two new psychiatry residency programs have opened in the country.
  • The first Clinical Masters of Psychology has opened in the Department of Psychiatry


TAAPP the Model

  • Two UofT faculty and a resident travel to AAU three times a year for a month to teach a pre-negotiated curriculum, which includes significant time for on-site clinical supervision.
  • CanMED roles have been adapted to EthioMEDS
  • Selected Department of Psychiatry faculty at AAU have the opportunity to undertake a one year clinical fellowship thanks to Ontario Shores hospital, an affiliated UofT hospital.
  • UofT Occupational Therapists teach rehabilitation theory and skills for severely mentally ill patients; led by Marci Rose, on an annual basis to psychiatry residents and clinical psychology students
  • In 2015 forensic psychiatrist Dr Phil Klassen at Ontario Shores, with Dr Asnake Lemma AAU facilitated the establishment of a Mental Health Court with a Diversion Program in Addis Ababa for the severely mentally ill who are found not criminally responsible. A first for Africa
  • There have been 44 one month training trips to AAU involving over 70 UofT faculty psychiatrists and 41 residents. TAAPP has won seven awards – the most prestigious is the American College of Psychiatrists’ Award for Creativity in Psychiatric Education. We have obtained six research grants – topics include integrating MH training and research into Primary Health; developing SGBV training and services into selected refugee camps in Ethiopia


Leads within the TAAAC Psychiatry program at AAU and UofT recently published a book on post-traumatic stress disorder in refugee and migrant populations. 
Andermann, L., Kanagaratnam, P., Wondimagegn, D., & Pain, C. (2021). Post-traumatic stress disorder in refugee and migrant mental health. In: Bhugra, D. (ed). Oxford Textbook of Migrant Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.

Program Contact Information

Dr Lisa Andermann